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1. Introduction

In this study we will start to look at the first names of Yahweh found in the Old Testament. As we continue towards the study of Father God (Paterology), so far we have found the following truths about Him:

  • The Trinity are the Pre-Existing Ones.
  • Our heavenly Father’s original plan was to have sons and daughters.
  • God lives inside of His creation (but can choose to live outside of creation).
  • He lives inside of time (but can choose to live outside of time).
  • Yahweh/Elohim is relational with man, in the same way father is relational with man.
  • God is covenant-keeping, and therefore relational.
  • He can change His mind except if it breaks covenant.

Now, we are going to look at more attributes of Yahweh. There are some who teach that we need to call God Yahweh, YHWH, or Jehovah. We will see over this lesson- that is unnecessary. Interestingly, we have not been taught by Jesus to pray, “Our Yahweh, who is in heaven”!

 

2. What’s in a Name:

A. Biblical names have meanings: 

There are literally hundreds of times names in the Bible that are used to reflect a particular character that the parents want to have their child to have.


B. Names do not describe everything about a person:

Some teach that we must call God, Yahweh. Others are horrified that we spell the name Yahweh rather than YHWH. Others have become so religious that they will write G_d! If we don’t then we are “wrong”, because “God” is a deity’s name and not the original name. Yet we found that God even called Himself Elohim, which means a deity in Genesis 1:1.

Just like my name Neville means New village (which is very accurate of my breakthrough and church planting grace), that does not define who I am as a total person. I am a blood father to three children, I am considered a spiritual father to hundreds if not thousands around the world, I am a husband to one woman. I am preacher, I am a veterinarian, I am a captain, I am a revivalist……. So my name only defines a small part of me.

It is the same with Yahweh. You will remember from the previous study that Yahweh means “I am who I say I am”. In other words, “Don’t put me in a box, I will reveal myself to you through many different attributes”.

 

3. Yahweh to be a Name for All Generations:

A. Primary Name:

When God identified Himself with the name of Yahweh to Moses, He said this primary name was to be used for all generations.

Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: ‘The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.’

Exodus 3:1

B. It still applies today:

This is the primary name of God as revealed to man and applies today. However we will find as we progress through this series of studies that under the New Covenant, we can call Him our ‘Father’.


C. The New Covenant name:

Under the New Covenant, the primary name of Yahweh becomes Father, and He is now able to be known as a Father.

 

4. Descriptors of Yahweh:

A. His Attributes:

Yahweh wants to show His attributes, because they are who He is, so as sons and daughters of God, these attributes become ours.(eg YHWH Jireh is God OUR Provider).


B. We are His children:

This is because under the New Covenant we are heirs of God.

and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ …

Romans 8:17
 

5. Old Testament Names of Yahweh: Jireh (God, Our Provider):

A. When we call upon His Name Yahweh Jireh – He will see to it
Yahweh Jireh literally means He who Pre-Existed before creation ‘will see to it!’ 

B. The law of first mention:

When any concept or word is mentioned for the first time in scripture, it is weighted more heavily than subsequent times.
The first time Jireh is used it is Abraham offering up Isaac.

And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovah-jireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of Jehovah it shall be provided.

Genesis 22:14
 
C. God provided for Abraham a gift so Isaac did not need to die. Abraham was the primary beneficiary –  the man who made a covenant with God:

For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

John 3:16

 

D. Under the New Covenant as our Father He still provides everything we need through His free gift – grace. The context of this scripture is financial provision:

And God is able to make all grace abound toward you, that you, always having all sufficiency in all things, may have an abundance for every good work.

2 Corinthians 9:8

 

6. Old Testament Names of Yahweh: Rapha (God,Our Healer):

A. We need to understand that the name Yahweh Rapha is not trying to describe how powerful God is- that He is able to heal. He is saying that He is OUR healer.

B. Rabbi’s tell us that the word PUT is very important to understanding this scripture:

and said, “If you diligently heed the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the Yahweh who (Jireh) heals you.”

Exodus 15:26

C. Divine Health:

The use of the word PUT; indicates that this is not just a promise of healing, but of divine health.
There is a proviso on this; that IF you follow the Lord…
For this reason Hebrew scholars have explained this passage as follows: 

If you follow me, only then I will give you divine health. However if you follow false gods resulting in sicknesses come upon you, THEN I will heal you from your sicknesses.


D. God then sealed it with a covenant promise that would later come through Jesus Christ:

But He was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.

Isaiah 53:5


E. Matthew explains it more clearly:

When evening had come, they brought to Him many who were demon-possessed. And He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:
“He Himself took our infirmities
And bore our sicknesses.”

Matthew 8:16-17

 For further teaching See Healing is in the Atonement

7. Summary:

A. Nature of God 101:
  • The Trinity are the Pre-Existing Ones.
  • Our heavenly Father’s original plan was to have sons and daughters.
  • God lives inside of His creation (but can choose to live outside of creation).
  • He lives inside of time (but can choose to live outside of time).
  • Yahweh/Elohim is relational with man, in the same way father is relational with man.
  • God is covenant-keeping, and therefore relational.
  • He can change His mind except if it breaks covenant..
B. Nature of God 102: Old Testament Names of Yahweh:
  • His Old Testament primary name is Yahweh (we will see that this is no longer His primary name later on).
  • All descriptors (eg Rapha) are related to us, not God.
  • He is our provider (Yahweh Jireh).
  • He is our healer (Yahweh Rapha).

© Use by Permission. Awakening Impact Ministries/ Dr Neville van Eerten 2021