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1. Introduction

Passover, Pentecost and the Day of Atonement were feasts to be followed to obey the law. When Jesus Christ died and rose again, He fulfilled all the requirements of the Old Testament law concerning the feasts. Sabbath Rest helps us understand how Jesus fulfils the law and the feasts.

The Old Covenant explains the law, and The Law No Longer Applies answers the question: is the law still applicable to the believer in Jesus?

Reading all three subjects is a prerequisite for those undertaking theological training.

2. Jesus Fulfils the Passover Lamb

A. The Passover was a Shadow of Jesus’ Victory Over Sin and Death by His Blood.

Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

Exodus 12:13

The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law.

1 Corinthians 15:56

B. Jesus, The Passover Lamb of God.

Before God made the foundation of the world, He had planned for Jesus to be the perfect sacrifice to end all sacrifices.
So when God made man in His image, He gave him free will. Therefore, it was no surprise to God that man would sin.

All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Revelation 13:8

C. Jesus Takes Away the Sin of the World.

The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

John 1:29

D. The Death of Jesus at the Ninth Hour.

The death of Jesus on the cross and the sacrifice of the Passover lamb in the temple courts happened simultaneously.

And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”

Matthew 27:46

And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.

Matthew 27:50

E. The Tearing of the Veil. 

The veil tearing separating the Holy place and the Most Holy place happened simultaneously with the death of the Passover Lamb.

Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split,

Matthew 27:51

F. The Holy of Holies.

Can you imagine how terrifying the veil tearing must have been to the High Priest and perplexing to those who were watching? Only the High Priest could go into the Holy of Holies once a year on the Day of Atonement; nobody else could go in. He would instantly die if he went in unworthily (none of the others watching would be worthy according to the law). A Jewish tradition was to tie a rope around the leg of the High Priest in case the Lord struck him dead as he performed his duty in the Holy of Holies. Then, the priests waiting in the Holy Place could drag him out without going behind the veil, where they would face instant death.

G. False Teaching on The Passover Lamb.

Futurists say that as Jesus reigns from Jerusalem during the Millennium, the Temple will be rebuilt and the Jewish Feasts re-established. The Passover Lamb sacrifice will also take place each year.
I cannot overestimate how much of an abomination this is in the sight of God. Jesus died as the Passover Lamb, and so if we slay the Passover lamb again, we are making the crucifixion of no effect and putting Christ to shame.

For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have become partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, if they fall away, to renew them again to repentance, since they crucify again for themselves the Son of God, and put Him to an open shame.

Hebrews 6:4-6

H. Jesus is the Blood of the Covenant

At the Last Supper, the New King James Version translates Jesus’ words as:

And He said to them, “This is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many.

Mark 14:24

“This is” is the same Greek word Jesus used for “I am.” 

“In Communion, we found that it is correctly translated that Jesus said, “I am the blood of the covenant”. In Communion, we found that it is correctly translated that Jesus said, “I am the blood of the covenant”:

And He said to them, “I am the blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many.

Mark 14:24

So Jesus is the Passover lamb, and of course, it is His blood, so He is the blood of the New Covenant.

3. Jesus Fulfils the Day of Atonement

In Covenantal Atonement, we found that atonement means reconciliation with God. Therefore Jesus fulfils the Day of Atonement by being the sacrifice, the goat in the wilderness, and the High Priest.

A. Day of Atonement.

For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.

Leviticus 16:30

B. Jesus is the Atoning Sacrificial Lamb.

Jesus is the one who atones for our sins through His death as the sacrificial lamb.

And Aaron shall make atonement upon its horns once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonement; once a year he shall make atonement upon it throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD.”

Exodus 30:10

For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp. Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered outside the gate.

Hebrews 13:11-12

C. Jesus Bore Our Iniquities.

But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.

Leviticus 16:10

But He was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.

Isaiah 53:5

who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness—by whose stripes you were healed.

1 Peter 2:24

D. Jesus the High Priest.

Jesus, with His blood inside His resurrected body(as the blood of the lamb), purified the heavenly places, instituting the New Covenant that brings forgiveness of sins and a relationship with the Father.

Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another— He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.

Hebrews 9:23-26

4. Jesus Fulfilled the Feast of Weeks with the Outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost. 

A. Pentecost was 50 days after the Passover.

(Seven Sabbaths after the 2nd day of Passover)

B. The Feast of Weeks.

‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the (Passover) Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed.

Leviticus 23:15

C. Jesus Sent the Holy Spirit so He Could Help Believers in Jesus.

At Pentecost, Jesus sent the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit entered the world, enabling people to be filled with and baptised in It.

Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.

John 16:7

D. The Father Promised to Send the Holy Spirit.

Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.”

Luke 24:49

E. Holy Spirit Poured out at Pentecost on All Who Want to Receive.

‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God,
That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh;
Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
Your young men shall see visions,
And Your old men shall dream dreams.

Acts 2:17

‘In Greek, the word”all’ is not present. So He comes upon sons and daughters, whomsoever receives Jesus:’In Greek, the word ‘all’ is not present. So He comes upon sons and daughters, whomsoever receives Jesus:

But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name:

John 1:12

F. The Spirit of Grace.

In Believers’ Victory Over Sin, we saw that sin no longer reigns, but currently, grace reigns. And it is this Spirit of grace that has appeared to all men.

For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men,

Titus 2:11

5. Summary of Passover, Pentecost and the Day of Atonement

  • Jesus is the Passover lamb slain before the foundation of the World.
  • Jesus is the atoning offerings AND the High Priest of Atonement Day.
  • When the veil was torn in two, it was a sign that the law was dead. If the law were still alive, all the people present would have been immediately killed by the wrath of God.
  • When Jesus’ death and resurrection brought the Holy Spirit, a new dispensation of grace appeared to all men. Sin died and no longer reigned through the law. Instead, grace now reigns in those who believe.
  • At Pentecost, Jesus sent the promise of the Holy Spirit and thus fulfilled this feast.
  • Celebrating the feasts is unnecessary, as they are part of the law, and the law died with Jesus on the cross. 

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© Use by Permission Awakening Impact Ministries / Dr Neville van Eerten D.Miss. 2024

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